Photo of Anirud Sudarsan R

Anirud is a Principal Associate with Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas and is a part of the general corporate practice in the Mumbai region. He joined the firm in the year 2017 after graduating from West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata. He advises on mergers & acquisitions and foreign investments in India, with a greater focus on the Indian insurance sector. He has worked on several transactions in relation to acquisition of private and public companies, business transfers and initial public offerings (including the IPO of Life Insurance Corporation of India). Anirud regularly advises insurers and insurance intermediaries in relation to, amongst other aspects: Corporate Governance, General Corporate Strategies, Business Ventures and Partnerships, Distribution and other forms of engagement between insurers and insurance intermediaries and Data Protection, Data transfer, Data Localisation.

Acquisition of NBFC-MFIs by Banks: Key Considerations

Background

Banks in India are often on the look-out for potential acquisition opportunities to spur inorganic growth. While their strategic interests will determine their targets, in recent times, banks have been evaluating acquisition of non-banking financial companies (“NBFCs”) and more specifically micro-finance institutions (“MFIs”), which primarily cater to the rural and

IRDAI Regulatory Reform Series: Listing of Indian Insurance Companies on Stock Exchanges

Background

On March 20, 2024, the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (“IRDAI”) notified the IRDAI (Registration, Capital Structure, Transfer of Shares and Amalgamation of Insurers) Regulations, 2024 (“Registration and Capital Regulations”), which consolidated and rationalised the regulatory framework applicable on an Indian insurer in aspects, including listing on a stock exchange pursuant to an initial public offer (“IPO”) that may consist of a fresh issue of equity shares or an offer for sale. Our detailed analysis on the other aspects of Registration and Capital Regulations can be found here.Continue Reading IRDAI Regulatory Reform Series: Listing of Indian Insurance Companies on Stock Exchanges

IRDAI Regulatory Reform Series: Registration and Capital Structure of Indian Insurance Companies

Background

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (“IRDAI”) has a statutory duty to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of the insurance business and reinsurance business in India. Based on the IRDAI’s initiative to promulgate consolidated and principle-based regulations to govern the insurance industry, the Life Insurance Council and General Insurance Council (representative bodies of life and general insurers, respectively) constituted the Regulation Review Committee (“RRC”) to review the entire insurance regulatory framework and recommend principle-based regulations.Continue Reading IRDAI Regulatory Reform Series: Registration and Capital Structure of Indian Insurance Companies

Indian Regulatory Perspective on Non-traditional Reinsurance Solutions

Background

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (“IRDAI”) has notified the introduction of first phase of pilots for implementing ‘Risk Based Supervision’ (“RBS”) framework for the insurance sector in India[1], commencing from July 2023. The IRDAI has collaborated with M/s Toronto Centre[2] for the aforesaid project. According to the IRDAI press release, RBS is a shift towards adopting global best practices for supervision which focuses on proportionality, materiality and relies on holistic analysis of the activities of regulated entity from risk perspective. The IRDAI’s intention to shift to the RBS framework for the insurance sector was first divulged vide a notification in October 2018[3], which listed the following benefits for insurance supervision[4]:Continue Reading Risk Based Supervision: Pilot Basis for New Regime to Take Off?

Remuneration to Directors and KMPs of Insurers – Enhanced Guidelines with Extended Coverage

Introduction

The remuneration payable to Chief Executive Officers (“CEOs”), Whole-Time Directors (“WTDs”) and Managing Directors (“MDs”) of insurance companies is governed under Section 34A of the Insurance Act, 1938. This provision requires insurers to procure prior approval from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (“IRDAI”) in relation to such remuneration. The IRDAI (Remuneration of Non-Executive Directors of Private Sector Insurers) Guidelines, 2016 and IRDAI (Remuneration of Chief Executive Officer/Whole Time-Director and Managing Director of the Insurers) Guidelines, 2016 dated August 5, 2016 (collectively, the “Erstwhile Guidelines”) have historically governed this matter. In supersession of the Erstwhile Guidelines, the IRDAI has recently notified the Guidelines on Remuneration of Directors and Key Managerial Persons of Insurers, on June 30, 2023, which includes the IRDAI (Remuneration of Non-Executive Directors of Insurers) Guidelines, 2023 and IRDAI (Remuneration of Key Managerial Persons of Insurers) Guidelines, 2023 (collectively, the “Revised Guidelines”). The Revised Guidelines are effective from the FY 2023-24 i.e. from April 1, 2023 and the insurers are required to complete the process of framing/reviewing the remuneration policy within three months of the issuance of the Revised Guidelines.Continue Reading Remuneration to Directors and KMPs of Insurers – Enhanced Guidelines with Extended Coverage

Liberalisation of Expenses of Management Limits and Linkage with Commission: Impact on the Insurance Industry

Introduction

Pursuant to Sections 40B and 40C of the Insurance Act, 1938 (“Insurance Act”), the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (“IRDAI”) is empowered to regulate and impose limits on the amount that insurance companies may spend on Expenses of Management[1] (“EoM”). Further, in terms of Section 40 of the Insurance Act, no insurer is permitted to pay, or agree to do so, to any insurance agent or intermediary, commission or remuneration in any form other than in the manner specified by the IRDAI through a regulation.Continue Reading Liberalisation of Expenses of Management Limits and Linkage with Commission: Impact on the Insurance Industry

Highlights of the Master Circular on IRDAI (Registration of Indian Insurance Companies) Regulations, 2022

Introduction

Four months after the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (“IRDAI”) notified 2022 Regulations that streamline registration and share transfer requirements of Indian insurance companies, the IRDAI has issued a master circular titled ‘Master Circular on Registration of Indian Insurance Company, 2023’ dated April 24, 2023 (“Master Circular”) to supplement the procedural aspects of 2022 Regulations.Continue Reading Highlights of the Master Circular on IRDAI (Registration of Indian Insurance Companies) Regulations, 2022

Introduction

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (“IRDAI”) has notified the IRDAI (Registration of Indian Insurance Companies) Regulations, 2022 (“2022 Regulations”), on December 8, 2022. The 2022 Regulations consolidate various prescriptions relating to registration of Indian insurance companies and the transfer of shares of such entities. Previously, such prescriptions were dispersed across multiple regulations, circulars, and guidelines such as the IRDAI (Listed Indian Insurance Companies) Guidelines, 2016, and the IRDAI (Investment by PE Funds in Indian Insurance Companies) Guidelines, 2017 (“2017 PE Guidelines”).Continue Reading IRDAI (Registration Of Indian Insurance Companies) Regulations, 2022 – A Step-Up for Private Equity Participants

Insurance Laws

Introduction

The Government of India, through the Department of Financial Services (Ministry of Finance) (“DFS”), is proposing extensive amendments to the Insurance Act, 1938 (the “Act”), with a view to enhance insurance penetration, improve efficiency, and enable product innovation and diversification[1]. The DFS published an office memorandum dated November 29, 2022 (“DFS Memorandum”), setting out the proposed amendments to the Act and commencing a process of public consultation on the proposed amendments until December 15, 2022. The Insurance Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2022 (the “Amendment Bill”), is seen to be catering to the long-standing demands of the industry and seeks to improve some of the fundamental tenets of the Act.Continue Reading The Insurance Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2022 – Charting a new course

Policyholder Data Sharing in India

Introduction

With a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy, the Indian government[1] launched the Digital India initiative and mindful of its impact, it has been taking several steps to ensure greater accessibility as well as greater safety around internet based services. This, coupled with heightened internet based services and digital connectivity,[2] led the government to launch several digital services[3] and some are remarkably successful – these range from unified payments interface (UPIs) to DigiLocker[4]. According to India Brand Equity Foundation, the rising use of UPIs strongly indicate that more and more people in India are adopting a digital lifestyle[5] – UPI saw its highest ever number of transactions in April 2022 at 5.58 billon, amounting to INR 9.83 trillion. DigiLocker hit the mark of 101 million users on March 19, 2022, evidencing the adoption and success of this initiative[6].Continue Reading Policyholder – Data Sharing in India – Time for Consent – Based Regime?