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Associate in the Dispute Resolution Practice at the Mumbai office of Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas. He can be reached at

SC rules on limitation period for execution of foreign decrees under Section 44A

In its recent decision in Bank of Baroda v. Kotak Mahindra Bank[1], the Supreme Court has ruled on the limitation period applicable for execution of a foreign decree under Section 44A of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (“CPC”), after considering the previously divergent views of different High Courts on the issue.
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Old Rules applicable to CRZ-II areas of Mumbai will soon be obsolete - Development control rules 1967

The Coastal Regulation Zone Notification dated January 18, 2019 (“CRZ 2019”), requires the respective Coastal Zone Management Plans (“CZMPs”) framed under the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification dated January 6, 2011 (“CRZ 2011”) to be revised or updated as per CRZ 2019, before being submitted to the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (“MOEFCC”). CRZ 2019 says that until and unless the CZMPs are so revised or updated, the provisions under CRZ 2011 will continue to be followed[1].  Accordingly, suggestions/ comments on the draft revised/ updated CZMPs of Mumbai city and Mumbai Suburban District under CRZ 2019 were invited for a period of 45 days commencing from January 16, 2020.[2] After district level hearings have been conducted[3] and based on the suggestions and objections received, the CZMPs will be revised and approval of the MOEFCC shall be obtained.[4] This has specific implications for construction projects in CRZ-II areas of Mumbai.

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